Complex models that are able to represent multiple competing demands on land use can aid responsible decisions about landscapes. Decisions about land use require that trade-offs between competing demands be identified, and their consequences through time be characterised.
Models consisting of stochastic computer simulations are increasingly used to make realistic predictions about real world processes from socio-ecological systems involving land use, to the effects of climate change. Because these models attempt to simulate all relevant aspects of a real physical system, they may involve many parameters, some of which will be difficult to set correctly.
Because the final objective of these models is to assess the possible consequences of management decisions, such as the placement of wind turbines, it is crucially important that the uncertainty introduced by calibrating parameter values be understood.
In order to make informed decisions, one needs to be able to consider the effects of a number of complex interacting temporal and spatial processes (e.g. hydrological, ecological, agricultural, economic, climate). This project aimed to predict the effect of making decisions on these competing demands, considering all information available.
With the above challenges in mind, the objectives of this project were to first, develop methods to perform calibration and uncertainty quantification for process-based models of the complexity required for the landscape decision problem, extending previous work to cope with the challenging cases encountered in practice, including the cases of Big Data and where the models are computationally expensive.
Second, the project aimed to introduce methods for accurate uncertainty quantification in coupled models that are robust to mis-specified models, when the constituent parts are simulation models.
Third, the project intended to make available the methods developed in the project, through the release of software packages in R or python. Finally, the project team sought to work with investigators in the landscape decision-making programme to apply the methods developed above to their models, and to other existing models.
The work carried out during the programme fed into a publication in the journal Ecological Modelling.
For more information on the project, see the accompanying page at the UKRI Gateway to Research